Leah Hagar Cohen (1994)
Train go sorry: inside a Deaf world.
Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
This is a good introductory book for grades 9-12 and early college, it talks about Ms. Cohen's experiences as the daughter of the principal for Lexington School for the Deaf and as a member of the Deaf community.
[Check online at Amazon.com]

Nora Ellen Groce (1985)
Everyone here spoke sign language: hereditary deafness on Martha's Vineyard.
Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
This is a fascinating study of an island off the shore of Massachusetts where there was a strong strain of hereditary deafness that caused a large percentage of islanders to be born deaf. Unexpectedly, this meant that since everyone knew someone who was deaf, everyone spoke sign language and there wasn't much social differentiation between the deaf and non-deaf. A must-read.
[Check online at Amazon.com]

Harlan Lane (1976)
When the mind hears: a history of the deaf.
New York: Random House.
This was one of the first real histories of the founding of the Deaf community in the United States, tracing its roots back to France. It's written in the first person which is a bit odd, but definitely a good read. The only problem is that it's quite big and heavy, might be a bit too much for a grade school child to handle.
[Check online at Amazon.com]

Harlan Lane (1992)
The mask of benevolence: disabling the deaf community.
New York: Knopf.
This is Harlan Lane's most famous book and was widely acclaimed when it came out as a manifesto of the Deaf community. It brings up the topic of oralism and the history of oppression the Deaf community has suffered. Its pitfalls are perhaps that it doesn't account for the hard of hearing perspective or talkabout differences within the Deaf community, but as a whole, it's an excellent book to read and discuss.
[Check online at Amazon.com]

Raymond Luczak (1993)
Eyes of desire: a deaf gay & lesbian reader.
Boston: Alyson Publications.
If you're gay or lesbian or deaf or just curious, this book is absolutely wonderful. It's collection of short autobiographical stories by gay and lesbian Deaf individuals and gives good insight into this minority within a minority.
[Check online at Amazon.com]

Carol Padden and Tom Humphries (1988)
Deaf in America: voices from a culture.
Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
This book, along with Harlan Lane's, stresses the cultural aspects of the Deaf community in the United States. It's a good way to understand the cultural position and one of the best texts out there.
[Buy online from Amazon.com]

Paul Michael Preston (1994)
Mother father deaf : living between sound and silence.
This book is about CODAs -- children of deaf adults. If you're a CODA, it's a must read. Even if you're not, it's a good way to understand the difficulties faced when Deaf people meet and mingle with hearing people; and how we can overcome the linguistic and cultural barriers between the two.
[Check online at Amazon.com]

Lou Ann Walker (1994)
Hand, heart, and mind: the story of the education of America's deaf people.
New York: Dial Books.
This is perhaps by far the best children's book on the deaf. It's designed for grade-school kids to get a better understanding of what the deaf community is about.
[Check online at Amazon.com]
Amazon.com was out of stock on this book, you might want to check with your local library.

John Vickrey Van Cleve and Barry A. Crouch (1989)
A place of their own: creating the deaf community in america.
Washington, DC: Gallaudet University Press.
This was also one of the leading books on the deaf community and still remains a major text on the topic.
[Check online at Amazon.com]

Henry Kisor (1990)
What's that pig outdoors: a memoir of deafness.
New York: Penguin Books.
Kisor's book on his experiences as a deaf person from the oral perspective is a good counterbalance to the cultural Deaf position. Read it with Padden and Humphrey and compare.
[Check online at Amazon.com]

This list is from Karen Nakamura's Deafness Bibliography