Professional Organizations and TopicsJournal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
The Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education is a peer-reviewed scholarly journal integrating and coordinating basic and applied research relating to individuals who are deaf, including cultural, developmental, linguistic, and educational topics. JDSDE addresses issues of current and future concern to allied fields, encouraging interdisciplinary discussion. The journal promises a forum that is timely, of high quality, and accessible to researchers, educators, and lay audiences.Council on Education of the Deaf
Since its inception in 1930, CED has been recognized for maintaining high standards for persons working with deaf and hard of hearing students in the education process. CED is involved in establishing standards and providing teacher certification and evaluating university professional preparation programs based on clearly defined standards and criteria.Association of College Educators: Deaf and Hard of Hearing
The Association of College Educators - Deaf/Hard of Hearing (ACE-DHH) is The Association holds an annual conference (usually in late February) for the purpose of professional development and for accomplishing coordination of the responsibilities of the organization. The Association is one of the six members of the Council on Education of the Deaf (CED). The President and Past-President of the Association serve as representatives to CED.Laurent Clerc National Deaf Education Center
The Clerc Center has been mandated by Congress to develop, evaluate, and disseminate innovative curricula, instructional techniques and strategies, and materials. The aim of the Clerc Center is to improve the quality of education for deaf and hard of hearing children and youth from birth through age 21.DeafEd.net
Educational enhancement for the field of deaf education; Goals are to enhance the preparation of new teachers, to support the ongoing professional development of existing teachers, to expand the array of learning resources and opportunities that are available to deaf/hard-of-hearing (d/hh) students, and to increase collaborative activities between all those individuals involved in the education of d/hh students.Preparing Postsecondary Professionals (P3)
U.S. Department of Education, Office of Postsecondary Education Practical solutions to challenges faced daily by deaf and hard of hearing studentsPEPnet (Postsecondary Education Programs Network)
The goal of PEPNet is to assist postsecondary institutions across the nation to attract and effectively serve individuals who are Deaf and Hard of Hearing.PEPnet Online Trainings about Deafness
Orientation to Serving College Students Who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing and Online Transition Training for Students Who are Deaf or Hard of HearingDeaf Initiative in Information Technology (DIIT)
Curriculum used by early intervention specialistsDeaf Students with Multiple Disabilities
It is highly uncommon for a deaf student to be "only" deaf. Children come in complicated packages, including many strengths and weaknesses
Support for Educators and FamiliesNational Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders: My Baby's Hearing
Excellent resources about infant hearing screenings, communication options, and parent supportAmerican Society for Deaf Children
ASDC is a national organization of families and professionals committed to education, empowering, and supporting parents and families to create opportunities for their children who are deaf and hard of hearing in gaining meaningful and full communication access, particularly through the competent use of sign language, in their homes, schools, and communities.The Hearing Exchange
Online community for the exchange of ideas and information on hearing loss. No matter what method of communication you have chosen, you'll find interesting and supportive information.The Listen-Up Web
Helpful information about deaf education and early childhoodDeaf Linx Families Page
Resources for families with deaf or hard of hearing children
Language and Educational OptionsDeaf Education Options Guide
Thorough explanation of language and educational options for families. Includes information about Bilingual-Bicultural education, Auditory/Oral education, Total Communication approach, American Sign Language, Manual Codes for English, Cued Speech, Residential Schools for the Deaf, Day Schools, Early Intervention/Preschool Programs, Mainstreaming and Inclusion, Self-Contained Classrooms, and Home School EnvironmentCommunication Options Reference
Comparison of American Sign Language, Auditory-Verbal, Cued Speech, Auditory-Oral, and Total Communication methodsDeaf Education: A Parent's Guide
Overview for parents about issues related to deafness, the education of the deaf, and Deaf culture.Bilingual-Bicultural Deaf Education Resources
Resource list from the Laurent Clerc National Deaf Education Center at Gallaudet UniversityCued Speech as an Option
Letter by a teacher of the deaf written to a cued speech task force
Deaf Education Teacher Preparation ProgramsNational Directory of CED-endorsed Deaf Education Teacher Preparation Programs
College and university Deaf Education programs accredited by the Council on Education of the DeafGallaudet University
The Graduate Teacher Education Program leading to the MA Degree prepares students to become teachers of deaf and hard of hearing children and youth in both mainstream programs and center schools. All of the MA programs are NCATE-accredited, NASDTEC-approved, and accredited by the Council on Education of the Deaf.California State University, Northridge
The College of Education is composed of the departments of Deaf Studies, Educational Leadership and Policy Studies, Educational Psychology and Counseling, Elementary Education, Secondary Education, and Special Education, and offers 27 credential programs. All programs are accredited.Flagler College
Flagler's deaf education program is nationally-known and is a Florida State-approved teacher education program also recognized at the national level by the Council on Education of the Deaf. The program provides students with dual certification in deaf education and either elementary education deaf education/mental retardation or secondary English or secondary social studies.Western Oregon University
The mission of Western's Regional Resource Center on Deafness is to prepare professionals in the Northwest to be qualified to serve the unique communication, rehabilitation, and educational needs of deaf and hard of hearing children and adults.Kent State University
The deaf education program is designed to provide students with the coursework and field experiences necessary to be licensed as an Intervention Specialist in the area of Deaf Education. The Deaf Education Intervention Specialist license is valid for teaching learners from ages 3 through 21, and grades pre-kindergarten through 12, who have been identified with a hearing impairment (e.g. deaf, hard-of-hearing.)
Deaf Culture and Deaf Community
Deaf culture and Deaf community mean two different things. Deaf culture views deafness not as a disability but as a different human experience from those who can hear. Deaf culture encompasses this social belief as well as certain behaviors, literary traditions, values and art. Those who are part of Deaf culture only view others as part of it if they are deaf and use sign language as their primary form of communication. The Deaf community is much more inclusive as they count people who sign, even if they can hear, as part of the community. This includes children of deaf parents, who are typically not included in Deaf culture. In Deaf culture and the Deaf community there a diverse number of people as well as certain values, beliefs and behavioral norms. The Deaf community is rather large and there are many ways to get involved and interact with other Deaf individuals, such as recreation center events or through people finder searches online.
- American Sign Language Describes how ASL is the backbone of the Deaf community and Deaf culture.
- Values and Norms of the Deaf Community Describes what values are typical within the Deaf community and why.
- Deaf vs. deaf Provides information on why the word “deaf” is capitalized in certain circumstances.
Because deafness and hearing loss can and does affect a wide variety of people from all walks of life, Deaf culture is incredibly diverse. There are a large variety of Deaf communities all over the world, which allows for different forms of sign language as well as different cultural norms. The typical identity markers that people claim, whether it be based on race, gender, sexual orientation or ethnicity, leads to several different groups within Deaf culture. This is most evident in organizations geared towards Deaf women, Deaf homosexuals, Deaf African Americans and Deaf Christians as well as many others. How involved these members are in the Deaf community depends on which culture they identify as their primary place – for example, a deaf African American may identify with the black culture or the Deaf culture first.
The Deaf culture values being deaf, this is difficult for those who can hear to understand. In Deaf culture, deafness is not something that needs to be fixed and is certainly not a disability. They also tend to value the group rather than the individual and often surround themselves with other people who are deaf. Culturally deaf people utilize American Sign Language (ASL) over any other form of communication, even secondary codes such as Signed Exact English (SEE). ASL is considered separate from a spoken language and is offered more and more in schools as a foreign language option. Lastly, members of the Deaf culture advocate and fight to preserve their ways of life. They typically oppose technology used to make a deaf person hear, such as cochlear implants that are meant to “cure” deafness. They are also adamant about persevering and teaching sign language, and often go through extensive fertility treatments to ensure they give birth to a deaf child rather than a hearing child.
There are several rules of etiquette that the culturally deaf follow. It is rude to not thoroughly explain why one has to leave early or arrive late as people in the Deaf culture make a conscious effort to keep other members informed of what is going on in their environment. Deaf people also view time in a different manner than those who can hear. When it comes to large-scale events, they often show up early to ensure they find a seat with the best visual clarity. However, they are often late to social events. This is because it is common for deaf people to stay in a group for a long period, cherishing the solidarity and conversation provided at deaf social gatherings. Compared to their hearing counterparts, deaf people are often much more blunt and when giving introductions they often try to find another deaf person the two people may have in common, as the Deaf culture is constantly trying to make connections.
- Listening in on Deaf Culture An article explaining the complexities of Deaf culture to outsiders.
- Deaf Culture - Comparing Values Provides a comparison between values and beliefs of those who can hear and members of the Deaf culture.
- Understanding Deaf Culture An explanation of Deaf culture and how it differs from other cultures.
- American Deaf Culture Recommended by the CDC, this article explains Deaf culture in America.
The Deaf culture and the Deaf community generally encompass those who are deaf and proud of it as well as their hearing children and loved ones. They are intensely proud of their history, their language and the unique experiences they are allowed by being deaf. Contrary to what many people who can hear believe, many if not most deaf people do not believe their quality of life or their experiences are hindered in any way by not being able to hear. This belief is at the center of Deaf culture.
- Description of American Sign Language Provides an over view of ASL including its history and how it compares to spoken languages.
- Deaf Culture, History and Importance Includes a description of Deaf culture as well as different organizations dedicated to the Deaf community.
- Deaf Culture for the Hearing Explains the beliefs, values and importance of Deaf culture and the Deaf community.
Become a Deaf Teacher - Deaf Teaching Tips
The field of deaf education is highly diverse and includes professions in private schools for the deaf, residential schools for the deaf and deaf programs in public schools. Teachers looking to work in deaf education typically concentrate on early childhood education as well as elementary or high school education, with training in American Sign Language (ASL). Due to the unique requirements of teaching deaf students, there are several courses of study teachers can focus on depending on their career choice. Oral-Aural programs focus on aural rehabilitation, speech development and specialized teaching strategies. Bilingual-Bicultural programs are more in tune with Deaf culture, focusing on preparing the teacher to instruct his or her students in ASL as well training the teacher with visual learning techniques essential to teaching deaf children. For those looking to teach a wide variety of deaf students, most universities also offer Comprehensive programs, which provide teachers with the skills to teach students who are both hard of hearing and completely deaf in a number of settings. Other than courses in ASL, these programs also offer instruction on cued speech or signed English. The training required to become a teacher of the deaf can be rather extensive. However, there are several resources available to help those choosing this career path to meet their goals.
- Financial Aid When studying to become a teacher of the deaf, students can apply for grants, scholarships, loan forbearance, teacher loan forgiveness and certification tuition waivers to fund their education.
- Hazel Bothwell Memorial Scholarships and Grants When funding deaf education, specialized scholarships and grants such as this one can be a prospective student’s best avenue for funding their education.
- Federal Student Aid Most students, no matter what they chose to major in, are eligible for Federal Student Aid. This government website offers a free calculator that will tell students how much financial aid they will be able to obtain from the government.
Choosing a School
- Available Schools When pursuing higher education, especially in a specialized field such as deaf education, picking the right school is one of the most important decisions. This includes a list of over 2,000 schools offering classes in deaf education.
- 35 Best Colleges Those planning to major in deaf education not only want to go to the best school possible, but also want to know what they’re in for both emotionally and financially. This offers extensive information on 35 of the best schools for majoring in deaf education including how much they will cost and what campus life is like.
Internships and Volunteer Work
- Internship and Volunteer Opportunities Almost any school offering a major in deaf education requires students to complete a certain amount of hours interning at deaf schools or volunteering with deaf students. The American School for the Deaf offers several opportunities for students to complete this requirement.
- Volunteer Work St. Joseph’s Center for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing offers several volunteer opportunities for students to work with deaf children. This allows students to not only complete their course requirements, but also garner firsthand experience with Deaf culture and the unique communication skills needed when working with deaf students.
Deaf Education Jobs
- Career Outlook When deciding on a career, determining what the job market is like is essential. This website offers outlook information on the stability of careers in special education, including deaf education.
- Salary Expectations Determining whether a career will support a person’s expected lifestyle is essential to determining whether the career is the correct choice. This wizard details how much novice and experienced deaf educators can expect to make throughout their career.
- Finding A Job Once college is completed, finding a job is the next obvious step. This institute specializes in placing students with a major in deaf education in a suitable teaching job.